Nurses have a definitive role in ensuring that blood transfusions are safely administered and records maintained to provide an audit trail of the procedure.
Blood transfusion can be hazardous to the patient as there are risks associated with potential transfusion reactions. While blood transfusion reactions are rare, there is a risk that the patient could experience an adverse life-threatening event.
It is important that nurses not only follow procedure during the administration blood, or blood products, but that they are also familiar with the ABO blood group system and know how to mitigate and manage potential reactions safely and effectively.
Blood, still saving lives but...there are risks - Patient Blood ManagementBlood, still saving lives ... but there are risks. Highlights the benefits and risks of red blood cell transfusions. Relates closely to the Patient Blood Management Guidelines issued by the National Blood Authority, Australia.
Blood types | Human anatomy and physiology | Health & Medicine | Khan AcademyCreated by Patrick van Nieuwenhuizen.
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Health & Medicine on Khan Academy: No organ quite symbolizes love like the heart. One reason may be that your heart helps you live, by moving ~5 liters (1.3 gallons) of blood through almost 100,000 kilometers (62,000 miles) of blood vessels every single minute! It has to do this all day, everyday, without ever taking a vacation! Now that is true love. Learn about how the heart works, how blood flows through the heart, where the blood goes after it leaves the heart, and what your heart is doing when it makes the sound “Lub Dub.”
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Why do blood types matter? - Natalie S. HodgeView full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/why-do-blood-types-matter-natalie-s-hodge
It’s often said that despite humanity’s many conflicts, we all bleed the same blood. It’s a nice thought, but not quite accurate. In fact, our blood comes in a few different varieties. Natalie S. Hodge defines the four major blood types and sheds light on why some bloods can mix while others cannot.
Lesson by Natalie S. Hodge, animation by Brad Purnell.
Blood Transfusion Reactions
If you haven’t administered a blood transfusion as a nurse, chances are you personally know someone who has been on the receiving end of one. They can be a common occurrence in hospital, and because of that, a common area of risk within healthcare.
About Blood Types
Your blood type, also known as your blood group, helps determine what kind of blood donation might be best for you to give.
Blood types: the not so bleeding obvious
Blood types are determined by the presence or absence of particular antigens on the surface of red blood cells.
Cortez-Gann, J. (2017). Blood transfusion vital sign frequency: What does the evidence say? MedSurg Nursing, 26(2), 89-92.
DeLisle, J. (2018). Is This a blood transfusion reaction? Don’t hesitate; check it out. Journal of Infusion Nursing, 41(1), 43-51. doi:10.1097/NAN.0000000000000261
Moore, A. (2018). ‘Stop and check — it could save a life’. Nursing Standard, 33(5), 72-74. doi:10.7748/ns.33.5.72.s23